There are many types of calendars are present in the world, i.e., the solar calendar, lunar calendar or lunisolar calendar. Among them, Muslim Calendar 2018 comes under the category of the lunar calendar. The month of the lunar calendar is based on the one revolution of the moon around the earth. It also consists 12 months in a year of 364 or 354 or 355 days. Islamic calendar months are not constant in terms of days; sometimes it has 29 and 30 days. These dates cannot be accurately described in standard calendars, and Islamic schedules are not so used(except Islamic countries) that’s why we need Islamic calendar converter to know precisely on which Georgian date these events come.
Hijri Calendar 1439
History of Hijri date, it is started when the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) travels to Medina. According to Gregorian to Hijri calendar it was Friday 16 July A.D. 622, on the other hand, The first day of the first month of the Islamic calendar was set to the first new moon following the day the Prophet moved. In AD 638 (17 AH), Abu Musa Ashaari, Caliph Umar, one of the officials of the Basrah, complained about the absence of any date on the correspondence given by Umar to him, making it difficult to determine which instructions were most recent. This report convinced Umar of the need to introduce a Hijri Calendar 2018. After discussing the issue with his counselors, the Caliph decided that the first year should include the date of Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) arrival at Medina (known as Yathrib, before he came). In this manner, the evolution of Muslim calendar comes into existence.
Islamic Calendar 2018
Islamic Calendar 1439 is used all over the world by the Muslims, primarily for religious purposes, and for the official dating of public events and documents in Muslim countries. Because of it’s purity to a lunar calendar, it cannot be managed for agricultural purposes. Historically Islamic communities have used other schedules for this purpose. Events and festivals of Muslims can’t be calculated according to any other calendars. According to Hijri Calendar 1439 some of the Muslims‘ festivals are listed below;
First Muharram: Islamic New Year.
- Tenth Muharram: Day of Ashura. For Sunnis, this is memory crossing of the Red Sea by Prophet Musa occurred on this day. For both Shias and Sunnis, the martyrdom of Husayn Ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, and his followers.
- 12 Rabi al-Awwal: Mawlid or Birth of the Prophet for Sunnis.
- 17 Rabi al-Awwal: Mawlid for Shias.
- 27 Rajab: Isra and Mi’raj for the majority of Muslims.
- 15 Sha’ban: Mid-Sha’ban, or Night of Forgiveness. For Twelvers, also the birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdi, the Twelfth Imam.
- 1 Ramadan: First day of fasting.
- 27 Ramadan: Nuzul al-Qur’an. The most probable day Muhammad received the first verses of the Quran. (17 Ramadan in Indonesia and Malaysia)
Last third of Ramadan which includes Laylat al-Qadr.
- 1 Shawwal: Eid ul-Fitr.
- 8–13 Dhu al-Hijjah: The Hajj to Mecca.
- 9 Dhu al-Hijjah: Day of Arafa.
- 10 Dhu al-Hijjah: Eid al-Adha.
Islamic calendar to Gregorian: Because the number of days in Hijri to Gregorian Calendar year is 10 to 12 days shorter, that’s why it begins 10–12 days earlier from the standard year following a year in which the previous Islamic calendar began. Once every 33 or 34 Hijri years and 32 or 33 civil years, the beginning of a Hijri year (1 Muharram) coincides with one of the first ten days of January. Subsequent Hijri New Years move backward through the civil year back to the beginning of January again, passing through each formal month from December to January. Try out this Muslim Calendar 1439 for full info of this year.
There is also other 2018 Islamic calendar which is arisen in different regions. For instance, solar Hijri calendar, in this the days of the month of the year are same. According to Islamic Calendar 2018 first six months of the year has 31 days after that five months has 30 months and the last month it has 29 days usually but 30 in the leap year. It can be used for farming purpose but can’t consider in Islamic events.